The law can seem daunting and the language unwieldy and archaic. At Carmody Moran Solicitors we have a commitment to using plain English.

We have detailed below some of the most commonly used legal terms and a plain English explanation that we hope will be useful.

  • PIAB: the Personal Injuries Assessment Board, now known as InjuriesBoard.ie
  • Personal Injury: a legal term for an injury to the body, mind or emotions, as opposed to an injury to property.
  • Statute of Limitations: the time limits set down by law to take action before a matter becomes statute barred. The time limits to take action vary depending on the type of matter.
  • Statute barred: because of delay an action can fail
  • Litigation: a Court dispute
  • Plaintiff: the Applicant to the Court dispute
  • Defendant: the Respondent to the Court dispute
  • Negligence: a failure to exercise the care that a reasonably prudent person would have or a harm caused by carelessness
  • Contributory Negligence: an action that effectively contributed to making the harm caused to the person worse (for example not wearing a seat belt in a car accident)
  • Duty of Care: the standard of reasonable care expected when performing an action that could give rise to harm to others (for example lawyers owe a duty of care to their clients, as do doctors to their patients so as to avoid medical negligence)
  • Breach of Duty: a failure to adhere to the standard of care expected
  • Employer’s liability: Employer’s owe a duty of care to their employee’s for example to provide a safe place of work. For example in a factory to ensure that there is a safe system of work
  • Product liability: manufacturers making products available to the public must make sure that the product is safe and can be held responsible for the injuries that the product causes if it is dangerous. For example food must not be contaminated so as to make it poisonous
  • Compensation: the law’s endeavour to put a person back in the place they would have been but for the act arising
  • Out-of-Court Settlement: the early resolution of litigation on or before or during a court hearing

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